Av Marit Vasshus
PALACIO DE LA ADUANA - museet for arkeologi og “Fine Arts” består av hele 18 000 m2 og inneholder åtte storslåtte utstillingsrom, der fem er dedikert til arkeologi og de andre tre til "Fine Arts". Kunstsamlingen består av 2 000 gjenstander og den arkeologsike samlingen består av hele 15 000 gjenstander. (Se flere foto under artikkelen).
Museets samling av "Fine Arts"
Samlingen inkluderer arbeider av Luis de Morales, Luca Giordano, Bartolomé Esteban Murillo, Antonio del Castillo, Alonso Cano, Pedro de Mena, Jusepe de Ribera, Francisco Zurbarán, Diego Velázquez, Francisco de Goya, Federico de Madrazo, Ramón Casas, José Moreno Carbonero, Enrique Simonet, Joaquín Soroll, Léon Bonnat, Franz Marc and Pablo Picasso.
To museer i ett
The Museo de Málaga, har eksistert siden 1973, men åpnet desember 2016 i det imponerende Palacio de la Aduana. Det er slått sammen med det tidligere Museo Provincial de Bellas Artes (Provincial Museum of Fine Arts) og Museo Arqueológico Provincial. Palasset for kunst og arkeologiske samlinger ligger få minutters gange fra Centre Pomidou og den nordlige siden av PASEO DEL PARQUE (BOULEVARD AND GARDENS) og like ved høydedraget der Alcazaba festingen med det mauriske palasset ligger.
Historikken til Palacio de la Aduana ( Toll palasset)
As the name suggests, it was originally a customs house for Málaga Port. Work began in 1791 on this grand neoclassical building that was modelled on Renaissance Italian palaces. Construction was still underway in 1810 when the building was ransacked by the French during the Peninsular War, and it was not completed until 1829. When the Paseo del Parque and the present port were constructed on reclaimed land at the end of the 19th century the building served as the Real Fábrica de Tabaco (Royal Tobacco Factory). In 1922 it was badly damaged by a fire that led to the deaths of 28 government employees living on the top floor. After the civil war, the national government's Málaga provincial delegation returned.
In 2007 details of the combined museum project were published with an opening date set for 2012. In 2008 a €23 million building refurbishment contract was commissioned but the work was not completed until 2014 when the museum set up began in earnest.
HISTORY OF MÁLAGA MUSEUM
Fine Arts Museum
The Fine Arts section was opened in 1916 following a national plan to establish a museum in each provincial capital. The Museo Provincial de Bellas Artes opened in a temporary location in Calle Pedro de Toledo. In 1920 it moved to the former Jesuit college of San Sebastián, then to the Buenavista Palace in 1961. In 1984 responsibility passed form the national government to the Junta de Andalucía (regional government), which moved it in 1997 to make way for the Museo Picasso Málaga. The works remained in storage at the present Palacio de la Aduana, where temporary exhibitions have been held.
The archaeological museum was opened in 1949, combining the former Museo Loringiano(based on the 19th century collection of the Marquesses of Casa-Loring) and the archaeological section of the Museo Provincial de Bellas Artes, which had collected pieces from excavations since the 1930s. In 1996 a rehabilitation of the Alcazaba necessitated a move and the collection was temporarily housed at the 16th century Convento de la Trinidad. In 1999 it moved to Avenida de Europa, sharing a building with the Biblioteca Pública del Estado (State Public Library); however, it closed in 2010 anticipating the move to its present location in the Palacio de la Aduana.
MÁLAGA MUSEUM ROOMS GUIDE
Rooms 1 & 2 - Loringiana Collection
Room 3 - Prehistoric to Phoenicians
- Thoracata - Roman statue of a military figure draped in a blanket,second century AD.
- Busto Femenino - White marble bust of a lady found in Curriana, possibly a god, as her hair is similar to Venus Capitolin.
Rooms 4 & 5 - Roman to Al-Andalus
- Venus de Benaoján - Ceramic piece found in Cueva de la Pileta.
- Neandertal - Jawbone of a female Neanderthal between 20 and 30 years old found in Cueva del Boquete in Zafarraya.
- Hipogeo - Reconstruction of a Punic tomb found in Calle Marmoles.
- Escarabeo de Oro - Valuable gold piece found in the 2012 excavation of a Phoenician burial site in Calle Jinetes.
Room 6 - Early Art Collection
- Jarra - Ceramic jar made with dry chord technique, 13th century.
- Cabeza de Baco - Bronze piece of an adolescent, in Greek style but from Roman times.
- Ataifor de la Nao - Ceramic piece of great value, due to painting of sailboat on inside curve.
- Estela - Green glass funeral piece from Nasrid times.
- Nacimiento de Venus (Birth of Venus) - Six metre square, second century AD mosaic which has just been restored.
Room 7 - 19th Century Paintings
- Dolorosa - Sculpture by Pedro de Mena that shows 17th century suffering.
- Ecce Homo y Dolorosa - Dramatic scene painted in oils by Luis de Morales, 16th century.
- Adoración de losPastores (Adoration of the Shepherds) - by Antonio del Castillo, 17th century.
Room 8 - 20th Century Paintings
- Ecos de Roncesvalles - Antonio Muñoz Degraín donated his collection to the Museo de Bellas Artes.
- ¡Y Tenía Corazón! (And He Had a Heart!) - Emblem oil painting by Enrique Simonet, 1890.
- Mi Madre (My Mother) - Sculpture by Enrique Marín Higuero.
- Después de la Corrida (After the Bullfight) - By José Denis Belgrano, painting the scene in the Mesón de la Victoria (now Museo de Artes Populares) 17th century lodging.
- Paisaje con Bueyes y Carro (Scene of Oxen and Carts) - By José Moreno Villa, 1930.
- La Tauromaquia (Bullfighting) - Water colour series that follows the rhythm of a bullfight, by Sabartés, 1957.